Column: Bringing awareness to human traffickingJanuary 20, 2021
By Anthony Quinn
January is National Human Trafficking Prevention Month. First established in 2010, this month is set aside to recognize, learn about, and work to prevent human trafficking. As your Prosecutor, we are taking this time to share information and educate our community about the prevalence and dangers of human trafficking so that we can work together to stop it.
Human trafficking is a crime that involves compelling or coercing a person to provide labor, services, or commercial sex. Indiana Code 35-42-3.5 states that a person who, by force, coercion, threat of force, or fraud, knowingly or intentionally recruits, harbors, provides, obtains or transports an individual to engage in labor or services commits promotion of human trafficking, a level 4 felony. The penalties are increased if the victim of the crime is a minor.
Human trafficking is the fastest growing and the second largest criminal enterprise in the world, generating over $150 billion worldwide. It is a rapidly growing crime in Indiana as well. According to the Indiana Attorney General’s office, in 2019, 157 cases of Indiana specific human trafficking cases were reported to the National Human Trafficking Hotline, a 19% increase from the previous year. Among those 157 cases, 40 of them involved a minor. In addition to what is reported to the national hotline, service providers in Indiana also track the number of victims they assist annually. Included in the Attorney General’s annual report on Human Trafficking, Ascent 121, an Indiana agency that specializes in helping victims of sex trafficking, reported helping 117 minors in the same year.
While large events in Indiana such as the Super Bowl and the Indianapolis 500 generate human trafficking, small Hoosier communities are vulnerable as well. In smaller communities, those who are susceptible to being trafficked have more difficulty finding help, as there are fewer organizations equipped to assist trafficking victims to escape and recover. Even if a victim escapes, he or she may feel unable to ask for help as it could be exposing someone else’s relative, neighbor, or friend. This hesitation gives traffickers more exploitation opportunities.
One thing we can do to help prevent human trafficking is to be educated and aware of the signs of trafficking. According to the Indiana Attorney General’s Human Trafficking Resource Page, human traffickers target disadvantaged youth, groom individuals by fulfilling their need for love and dependency, provide necessities the victim may not be able to provide him or herself, and/or induce drug use. Some signs of trafficking to look for include individuals who:
• Show signs of “branding," tattoos or jewelry of their trafficker’s name.
• Are unaware of their location, the date, or time.
• Are unable to tell a consistent story about their personal information.
• Avoid eye contact with other people.
• Wear inappropriate clothing for the weather.
• Exhibit signs of physical abuse and often cannot explain them.
• Are accompanied by older, controlling individuals.
• Have excessive cash or expensive items that they cannot explain.
• Are considered a marginalized youth, such as youth who: Run away, are homeless, are often truant, has a relationship with an older individual, has low self-esteem/dependency issues.
During this month and beyond, I hope the people of our community will have an increased awareness of human trafficking, and if you suspect someone is a victim, please take the following steps in response:
• If a minor is involved, call the Indiana Department of Child Services hotline at 1-800-800-5556.
• Call local law enforcement, including my office at 812-482-5725.
• Call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 1-800-373-7888.
As your Prosecutor, I will continue to educate, investigate and prosecute human trafficking perpetrators if cases should arise in our community. As always, we will keep the needs of crime victims at the forefront and help them receive the essential services necessary for recovery.
Anthony Quinn is a Dubois County prosecutor in the 57th judicial circuit. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or 812-482-5725.
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