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Situation 1: It is a Friday night with a cloudless sky. Two teams play football under stadium lights. On a third-and-5 at the opposing team’s 17-yard line, the offense runs the tailback up the middle for a play short of the first down. The offense exits and a kicker trots on. He proceeds to hammer a 32-yarder dead-split between the goal posts. Three points are added and nobody thinks twice.